2021.4.1 國際新聞導讀 美伊爭執依舊, 美國對傳統盟邦不友善,對傳統敵國友善,態度古怪

2021-04-01·20 分鐘

本集介紹

2021.4.1
真主黨:時間允許組建新的黎巴嫩政府
自從1975-1990年內戰以來,黎巴嫩正遭受金融危機的破壞,這對其穩定構成了最嚴重的威脅。
由路透社
2021年3月31日19:15
2019年10月21日,在黎巴嫩賈爾-迪布的高速公路沿線的反政府抗議活動中,示威者站在裝飾著國旗的橋上
(照片來源:MOHAMED AZAKIR /路透社)
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黎巴嫩的真主黨星期三說,現在是時候讓政客放棄他們的要求,允許組建一個新政府來拯救該國免於史無前例的金融危機。
伊朗支持的運動領導人賽義德•哈桑•納斯拉拉(Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah)在電視講話中說:“每個人都必須知道這個國家已經用完了時間。” 他說,最近幾天採取了“認真,集體的努力”,以緩解政治僵局,這種僵局已經阻礙了幾個月的內閣談判。
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自從1975年至1990年內戰以來,黎巴嫩正遭受金融危機的打擊,這場金融危機對其穩定構成了最嚴重的威脅,但是飽受爭議的政客們已經幾個月沒能組建政府了。
自十月以來,總理薩阿德•哈里裡(Saad al-Hariri)和總統米歇爾•奧恩(Michel Aoun)一直在爭執不休,寄希望於扭轉黎巴嫩日益深化的金融危機。
哈里裡曾表示,奧恩試圖控制內閣席位以獲得否決權,而奧恩黨則指責哈里裡試圖為其本人和他的盟友安排多數席位。
奧恩的盟國真主黨以前曾敦促內閣組建。
一個新的內閣可以實施改革並釋放急需的外國援助。
Hezbollah: time to allow formation of new Lebanon government
Lebanon is hurtling towards collapse in a financial meltdown that is posing the most serious threat to its stability since the 1975-1990 civil war.
By REUTERS
MARCH 31, 2021 19:15
Demonstrators stand on a bridge decorated with a national flag during an anti-government protest along a highway in Jal el-Dib, Lebanon, October 21, 2019
(photo credit: MOHAMED AZAKIR / REUTERS)
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Lebanon's Hezbollah said on Wednesday it was time for politicians to put aside their demands and allow the formation of a new government that can rescue the country from an unprecedented financial crisis.
"Everyone must know the country has run out of time," Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Iran-backed movement, said in a televised speech. He said there were "serious, collective efforts" in recent days to ease a political standoff that has obstructed cabinet talks for months.
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Lebanon is hurtling towards collapse in a financial meltdown that is posing the most serious threat to its stability since the 1975-1990 civil war, but bickering politicians have been unable to form a government for months.
Prime Minister-designate Saad al-Hariri and President Michel Aoun have been at loggerheads since October, dashing hopes of a reversal of Lebanon's deepening financial meltdown.
Hariri has said Aoun is trying to dictate cabinet seats in order to gain veto power while Aoun's party accused Hariri of trying to orchestrate a majority for himself and his allies.
Hezbollah, an ally of Aoun, has urged cabinet formation before.
A new cabinet could implement reforms and unlock much needed foreign aid.

聯合國正在使敘利亞挨餓,而美國正在將其趕出敘利亞-分析
本質上,聯合國被用作支持敘利亞政權的工具。
由SETH J.FRANTZMAN
2021年3月31日18:01
聯合國安理會
(照片來源:TAMAR BEERI)
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美國國務卿安東尼•布林肯(Antony Blinken)呼籲聯合國安理會重新授權開放三個邊境口岸,為敘利亞提供人道主義援助。
他說,聯合國已允許其中兩個關閉,“不合情理”。
真正的故事是,支持敘利亞政府的幾個專制政權不希望援助流入美國在敘利亞東部有影響力的地區,也不希望援助通過土耳其流向土耳其占領的敘利亞北部。
本質上,聯合國已被用作支持敘利亞政權的工具。這符合聯合國被剝削的一般方式,也符合國際法的有問題的性質,國際法往往將“國家”視為神聖不可侵犯的,不想與“次國家實體”或自治區打交道。
這意味著,當國家崩潰或發生內戰時,很久以前就脫離中央政府的地區很難進入國際市場。無論是敘利亞東部還是索馬里蘭,情況都可能如此。
但是,在其他情況下,聯合國則是靈活的,並幫助扶持子國家實體,例如其在加沙和西岸的大型基礎設施。這可能取決於歷史或安全理事會上強國的異想天開。
與歷史上其他衝突一樣,敘利亞的問題是美國和其他國家分裂。俄羅斯支持敘利亞政權。美國一直反對該政權,並通過與ISIS作戰,在敘利亞東部發揮了影響力,並在此支持了敘利亞民主力量。
但是,美國對其支持者有自己面對的賈努斯問題。它的前敘利亞特使詹姆斯•杰弗裡(James Jeffrey)在2018年告訴自衛隊,它將不得不在敘利亞內部尋求解決方案,而且美國不與次州集團合作。杰弗裡認為,美國在敘利亞東部的關係是暫時性的和交易性的。拜登政府仍在尋找敘利亞政策。
發生的變化是,聯合國封鎖了在敘利亞土耳其邊界通過巴卜•薩拉姆和敘利亞與伊拉克之間的雅魯比耶通往敘利亞的過境點。實際上,這導致了阿薩德政權的授權,同時削弱了反對派控制的地區。
布林肯補充說:“安全理事會成員應停止參加或為關閉這些途徑的襲擊找藉口,並應停止以人道主義工作者和敘利亞平民為目標。”他說,據報導,不應將人道主義援助政治化。
他說:“自從阿薩德政權的基層起義十年以來,這場危機比以往任何時候都更加嚴峻……估計有1,340萬人,每三敘利亞人中就有兩人迫切需要人道主義援助,”他說。
這意味著超過60%的敘利亞人有飢餓的危險。
聯合國製度的另一個歧視性方面是通過聯合國COVAX系統不公平分配疫苗。即使我們被告知大流行病不承認國際邊界,但在聯合國管理的計劃中,邊界仍然很重要。疫苗也是如此。據報導,已經為敘利亞預留了近一百萬種阿斯利康疫苗。將僅向敘利亞東部提供90,000,向土耳其占領區提供約224,000。
疫苗會公平分配嗎?土耳其占領區是否會向面臨歧視並經常被土耳其支持的極端分子禁止進入公共生活的少數民族和婦女提供這些服務?
關於這些問題以及向也門或利比亞等其他衝突地區提供疫苗的問題仍然存在許多問題。
儘管國際社會和聯合國經常談論少數群體權利,婦女權利和其他進步問題,但在實際支持難民和少數群體的權利時,尚不清楚聯合國是否真正履行了它聲稱支持的許多價值觀。 。在敘利亞,這似乎尤其正確。

The UN is starving Syria and the US is calling them out - analysis
In essence, the UN has been used as a tool to prop up the Syrian regime.
By SETH J. FRANTZMAN
MARCH 31, 2021 18:01
The UN Security Council
(photo credit: TAMAR BEERI)
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US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has called on the UN Security Council to reauthorize the opening of three border crossings for humanitarian assistance to Syria.
He said the UN had allowed two of them to close, “unconscionably.”
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The real story here is that several authoritarian regimes that back the Syrian government don’t want aid flowing into areas where the US has influence in eastern Syria, and also don’t want aid going through Turkey to Turkish-occupied northern Syria.
In essence the UN has been used as a tool to prop up the Syrian regime. This is in line with the general way the UN is exploited, and also is in line with the problematic nature of international law, which tends to view “states” as sacrosanct, not wanting to deal with “substate entities” or autonomous regions.
This means that when states break down or have a civil war, areas that may have long ago broken away from a central government have difficulty accessing international markets. Whether it is eastern Syria or Somaliland, this may be the case.
However, in other cases the UN is flexible and helps prop up substate entities such as its large infrastructure in Gaza and the West Bank. This may depend on history or the whims of the powerful countries on the Security Council.
The issue in Syria, as in other conflicts historically, is that the US and others are divided. Russia supports the Syrian regime. The US has opposed the regime, and, through fighting ISIS, the US became influential in eastern Syria, where it backs the Syrian Democratic Forces.
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However, the US has its own Janus-faced problem with those it supports. Its former Syrian envoy James Jeffrey told the SDF in 2018 that it would have to seek a solution within Syria, and that the US doesn’t work with substate groups. The US relationships in eastern Syria were temporary and transactional, in the view of Jeffrey. The Biden administration is still searching for a Syria policy.
What has changed is that crossings to Syria through Bab al-Salam on the Syria-Turkey border and Yarubiyah between Syria and Iraq were closed by the UN. In effect, this has resulted in the empowerment of the Assad regime, while weakening opposition-controlled areas.
“Security Council members should stop taking part in, or making excuses for, attacks that close these pathways, and they should stop targeting humanitarian workers and Syrian civilians,” Blinken added, saying humanitarian assistance should not be politicized, according to reports.
“Ten years since the grassroots uprising against the Assad regime, that crisis is more dire than ever…. An estimated 13.4 million people, two in every three Syrians, are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance,” he said.
This means that over 60% of Syrians are at risk of hunger.
A further discriminatory aspect of the UN regime is the unfair distribution of vaccines through the UN COVAX system. Even though we are told that pandemics don’t recognize international borders, when it comes to UN-run programs, borders matter a lot. And so do vaccines. Almost 1 million AstraZeneca vaccines have been set aside for Syria, according to reports. Only 90,000 will be provided to eastern Syria, and some 224,000 to Turkish-occupied areas.
Will the vaccines be given out equitably? Will Turkish-occupied areas provide them to minorities and women, who face discrimination and are often barred from public life by Turkish-backed extremists?
Many questions remain about these issues as well as the provision of vaccines to other conflict areas, such as Yemen or Libya.
While the international community and UN often talk about minority rights, women’s rights, and other progressive issues, when it comes to actually supporting the rights of refugees and minorities, it is not clear whether the UN actually fulfills many of the values it claims to support. On Syria, this appears to be particularly true.

星期一晚上,伊朗支持的民兵向伊拉克庫爾德斯坦的庫爾德佩什梅加部隊發射了火箭彈。一份聲明說,在晚上9時34分,“庫什坦國民軍,澤拉瓦尼部隊和基爾庫克部隊的一些佩什默加部隊和基地遭到了6枚BM-21型火箭的襲擊。這些火箭是從在該地區巡邏的伊朗哈希(伊朗支持的民兵)發射的。”
該自由鬥士的力量是伊拉克北部自治區庫爾德斯坦地區政府的武裝力量。
Rockets were fired by Iranian-backed militias at Kurdish Peshmerga forces on Monday evening in Iraqi Kurdistan. A statement says that at 9:34 p.m. “some Peshmerga units and bases of [the] Kurdistan National Army, Zeravani forces and Kirkuk forces were attacked by six BM-21 type rockets. These rockets were fired from the Iranian hashds [Iranian-backed militias] patrolling the areas.”
The Peshmerga forces are the armed forces of the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government of northern Iraq.

沙特媒體指責美國支持恐怖主義,濫用人權
沙特媒體一直指責美國“支持恐怖活動,犯下危害人類罪和侵犯人權”。
通過ZACHARY KEYSER
2021年3月31日16:16
2021年2月19日,美國總統喬•拜登(Joe Biden)在美國白宮東廳的慕尼黑安全會議虛擬活動上講話時,站在“廣播”標誌後面。
(照片來源:KEVIN LAMARQUE / REUTERS)
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在美國國務院發布了一份詳細報告之後,據信這是沙特阿拉伯王國的一長串侵犯人權行為,但完全由國營的沙特新聞界卻退縮了,聲稱美國本身就是世界上最殘酷的侵犯人權者之一。
在美國發布有關殺害著名記者賈馬爾•卡舒吉(Jamal Khashoggi)的情報報告後,利雅得和華盛頓之間的緊張局勢已經普遍。該報告稱,沙特阿拉伯王儲穆罕默德•本•薩勒曼(Mohammed bin Salman)(MBS)可能已下令在2018年底``俘獲或殺死''在伊斯坦布爾沙特大使館的沙特持不同政見者記者。
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中東媒體研究所(MEMRI)表示,沙特媒體反過來一直指責美國“支持恐怖主義,犯下危害人類罪和侵犯人權” 。
MEMRI引用了一些案例,其中沙特媒體聲稱美國現任政府試圖幫助伊朗,卡塔爾和土耳其等敵對國家,同時在此過程中譴責沙特阿拉伯是侵犯人權者。
沙特媒體聲稱,美國現任政府正在通過取消“伊朗伊斯蘭支持的侯賽斯”的恐怖名稱來支持“恐怖主義的伊斯蘭沙特反對派”來實現這一目標,此外還以維護和平為藉口乾涉沙特內部事務。人權,報告說。
沙特報刊社無視伊朗等地的人權侵犯行為,而美國正試圖與之重新談判核協議,沙特媒體認為,美國對所謂的沙特阿拉伯侵犯人權行為的批評是“偽善的”。
“ [美國人]是不是對伊朗的[習慣]從燈柱上吊死激進主義者和新聞記者視而不見的人?” MEMRI引用專欄作家穆罕默德•薩伊德•蘭伯斯(Muhammad al-Sa'ed Lambastes)在一篇名為“阿亞圖拉•拜登(Ayatollah Biden)”的文章中說。
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“他們還記得……土耳其反對派在[各個]世界首都被綁架,[然後]與家人團聚在埃爾多安的監獄中?” 記者補充說。
專欄作家指出,“針對沙特阿拉伯的現有宣傳運動”是試圖使沙特王國“體現恐怖主義議程”和美國目前正在與之進行降級談判的組織的意識形態。
專欄作家指出,在這些背景下,沙特阿拉伯認為美國正在協助卡塔爾,土耳其,伊朗和阿富汗等國家,美國打算向這些新發現的“盟友”運送[沙特阿拉伯]。
“哦,沙特阿拉伯,您相信那些送您的孩子到伊拉克,敘利亞,阿富汗,索馬里和波斯尼亞參加內戰的人現在有自由戰士嗎?” 根據MEMRI的說法,Sa'ed說過。“我們比你更了解他們,你偽善的西方人。
他總結說:“您免除了舊的蛇,因此您將不得不與它們的後代一起生活。因此,讓我們說,'謝謝,但您不會欺騙我們'。”
MEMRI報導,其他沙特記者,例如哈穆德•阿布•塔利卜(Hamuod Abu Talib)聲稱,美國竭盡全力捍衛國際法,但同時“公然違反了國際法”。
塔里佈在最近的一份分析中寫道:“在第三個千年,美國的幾個政治行政部門已經採用了這種原始的思維模式,給美國社會的思想,科學和獨立的文化精英們蒙上了陰影。”
他說:“一個享有盛譽的大學教授國際法的國家公然違反了這項法律以及國際關係中所有[法律,憲章和[已接受]的協議。” “與此同時,其高級官員談論了他們為邪惡,公然和令人討厭的議程而乾涉其他國家的主權,法律和立法[程序]的意圖。”
塔里布嘲笑道:“這個世界不再是牛仔可以騎著馬漫遊,拉槍,踐踏任何站在他的道路上或與他對立的人的山脈,山脈和沙漠。”塔利卜嘲笑道。
沙特記者指責美國為“政治性阿爾茨海默氏病”,並聲稱美國企圖用創可貼解決問題並與恐怖組織妥協,以在衝突地區實現和平,並在一定程度上超越了邊界。
雖然在前總統唐納德•特朗普(Donald Trump)執政期間,與沙特阿拉伯的關係似乎達到了歷史最高水平,但如果沙特阿拉伯的新聞聲明能表明沙特王國對拜登政府和當前美國政治的真實感受,那麼這兩者似乎就可以現在處於僵持狀態。

Saudi press accuses US of supporting terrorism, abusing human rights
The Saudi press has been accusing the US of "supporting terror, committing crimes against humanity and violating human rights."
By ZACHARY KEYSER
MARCH 31, 2021 16:16
U.S. President Joe Biden stands behind an 'on air' sign as he addresses a Munich Security Conference virtual event from the East Room at the White House in Washington, U.S., February 19, 2021
(photo credit: KEVIN LAMARQUE/REUTERS)
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After the US State Department released a detailed report on what it believe to be a long list of human rights abuses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Saudi press, which is completely state-run, has pushed back, claiming that the US itself is one of the most egregious human rights abusers in the world.
Tensions between Riyadh and Washington were already prevalent after the US released its intelligence report on the killing of prominent journalist Jamal Khashoggi. The report stated that the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) had probably given the order to "capture or kill" the Saudi dissident journalist in the Saudi Embassy in Istanbul in late 2018.
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The Saudi press, in turn, has been accusing the US of "supporting terror, committing crimes against humanity and violating human rights," according to the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).
MEMRI cites cases where the Saudi press is claiming the current US administration is attempting to help hostile countries such as Iran, Qatar and Turkey, while vilifying Saudi Arabia as a human rights abuser in the process.
The Saudi press alleges that the current US administration is achieving this by supporting "'terrorist' Islamist Saudi oppositionists" by removing the terrorist designation placed on the Iranian-backed Houthis, in addition to interfering within Saudi Arabian internal affairs within the pretext of championing of human rights, the report said.
By ignoring the human rights abuses in places like Iran - with whom the US is trying to renegotiate a nuclear deal with - the Saudi press believes the US criticism placed on alleged human rights abuses in Saudi Arabia is "hypocritical."
"Aren't [the Americans] the ones who are turning a blind eye to Iran's [custom of] hanging activists and journalists from lamp posts?" MEMRI quoted columnist Muhammad al-Sa'ed Lambastes saying in an article called "Ayatollah Biden."
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"Do they remember… that Turkish oppositionists are abducted in [various] world capitals and [then] united with their families in Erdogan's prisons?" the journalist added.
The columnist notes that the "existential propaganda campaign against Saudi Arabia," is an attempt to get the kingdom to "embrace the terrorist agendas" and ideologies of organizations the US is currently in de-escalation talks with.
The columnist noted that within these undertones, Saudis believe that the US is aiding countries like Qatar, Turkey, Iran and Afghanistan, and that the US intends to "deliver [Saudi Arabia]" to these newfound "allies," he added.
"Do you believe, oh Saudis, that those who sent your children to Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia and Bosnia to fight in civil wars there are now freedom fighters?" Sa'ed said, according to MEMRI. "We know them better than you, you hypocrite Westerners.
"You spared the old serpents, so you will [have to] live with their offspring. So let us say, 'thank you, [but] you will not deceive us,'" he concluded.
Other Saudi journalists, such as Hamoud Abu Talib, claims that the US does all they do to defend international law but at the same time "blatantly violates it," MEMRI reported.
"Several US political administrations in the third millennium have adopted this primitive pattern of thought casts a dark shadow on the ideological, scientific, and independent cultural elite of US society," Talib wrote in a recent analysis.
"A country whose prestigious universities teach international law is blatantly violating this law and all laws, charters, and agreements [accepted] in international relations," he added in contention, according to MEMRI. "At the same time, its senior officials talk about their intent to interfere in the sovereignty, laws, and legislative [processes] of other countries, in the service of evil, blatant, and loathsome agendas."
"The world no longer consists of the ranges, mountains, and deserts where the cowboy could roam on his horse, drawing his gun and trampling anyone who stood in his path or opposed him," Talib mocked.
Saudi journalists are accusing the US of "political Alzheimer's” and claims the US attempts to band-aid fix problems and make concessions with terrorist organizations to bring about peace in conflicted areas, overstepping its boundaries to a certain extent.
While under former president Donald Trump relations with Saudi Arabia seemed to be at an all-time high, if the press statements in Saudi Arabia have any indication as to the kingdom's true feelings of the Biden administration and current US politics, it would seem the two are now in a stand-off.

伊朗星期二拒絕了美國提出的第三項提議,以就一項新的核協議展開談判,以換取取消美國的某些制裁。
美國的報價在周一晚些時候被洩露到Politico網站上,但在幾個小時後被拒絕。
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伊朗國家電視台援引一位不願透露姓名的官員的話說,伊朗表示不會在美國取消所有製裁之前停止其20%的鈾濃縮。這位官員發表上述評論是對美國媒體報導的回應,即華盛頓將提出一項新提案,其中涉及將濃縮度降低20%,以啟動對話。
“伊朗高級官員告訴新聞電視台,德黑蘭只有在美國首先取消對伊朗的所有製裁後,才會停止其鈾濃縮率達到20%,”國營新聞電視台在其網站上說。
它補充說:“該官員說,如果美國不取消所有製裁措施,德黑蘭將進一步減少其在2015年核協議中的承諾,警告華盛頓正在迅速耗盡時間。”
伊朗拒絕新的談判,這是伊斯蘭共和國第三次拒絕美國提出的就新的核協議和繼續對該政權進行國際制裁的公開談判的提議。
在拜登政府一直在尋求與伊朗在有關雙方恢復遵守協議,據此對伊朗的經濟制裁,以換取對伊朗核計劃的路肩被拆除談判,使其難以發展核武器。
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同時,華盛頓一直希望確保伊朗以某種方式充分回到極限,從而可以利用它來談判不屬於伊朗2015年核協議的新讓步。
美國總統喬•拜登(Joe Biden)政府強調的一些問題-將核限制延長至2030年以後,彈道導彈測試的限制以及伊朗在中東的侵略行為的限制-反映了以色列的立場,儘管耶路撒冷對總統的執政態度存有疑問實現這些讓步。
公開場合,以色列反對任何未能完全結束伊朗核濃縮的協議。
Politico說,美國的一項提議(其細節仍在製定中)將要求伊朗停止其某些核活動,例如先進離心機和將鈾濃縮至20%純度的工作,以換取一些救濟。來自美國的經濟制裁。
儘管伊朗最初的報告拒絕了鈾濃縮在此結束的20%的要求,但美國沒有明確拒絕美國停止先進離心機工作的要求。
如果伊朗要削減目前估計的三個月發展核彈的時間表,這兩個問題都很重要。
但是,過去以色列情報和核專家告訴《耶路撒冷郵報》,伊斯蘭共和國在發展先進的核離心機方面遇到了麻煩。
即使是最近的公告也反映出,德黑蘭幾乎沒有運轉中的先進離心機,也不一定能從2020年7月摧毀其主要先進離心機組裝設施的過程中恢復。
如果伊朗在先進離心機方面表現出靈活性,這可以解釋原因。
拜登的前任總統唐納德•特朗普於2018年5月退出了該交易,並重新施加了美國製裁。在美國也結束了對核制裁的某些豁免之後的2019年5月,伊朗開始報復違反該協議的某些核限制。
官員說,在德黑蘭選擇採取更強硬的立場再返回談判之後,伊朗在6月份舉行總統大選之前恢復協議的任何進展的可能性已經減少。
根據波利蒂科的報告,波利蒂科的一項提議說,美國的提議將要求伊朗停止其某些核活動,例如先進離心機的工作以及將鈾濃縮至20%的純度,以換取美國經濟制裁的一些緩解。兩個來源。
但是,美國仍在製定這項潛在交易的細節,並且不確定伊朗是否會接受這些條款。實際上,德黑蘭在今年早些時候拒絕了美國的一項提議,稱這是“不可接受的”,反對將鈾濃縮限制一個月的提議,以換取制裁的終止,拜登小組宣布禁止制裁。
知情人士之一向波利蒂科表示,定於本週提出的美國提議是“關於試圖開始美國與伊朗之間的對話”。
美國官員今年早些時候表示,哪個國家邁出了恢復遵守2015年伊朗核協議的第一步對美國來說不是問題,這表明華盛頓方面具有更大的靈活性。這位不願透露姓名的官員告訴路透社:“這不是問題,誰先行。”
“就像,我們要在8點走,他們要在10點走?還是他們在8點,我們在10點?這不是問題,”這位官員說。“問題在於我們是否同意相互採取哪些步驟。”
同時,由於美國的製裁,伊朗表示,由於該國財政困難,該國唯一運轉正常的核電站可能會在今年停止運營,彭博社週一報導,據半官方的伊朗報導,伊朗正在努力保持該核電站的運轉。學生通訊社(ISNA)。
根據該報告,伊朗原子能組織副主席馬哈茂德•賈法裡(Mahmoud Jafari)表示,布什爾核電站正面臨“關閉的風險”,因為美國銀行業限制使伊斯蘭共和國難以轉移資金和進行採購。必要的設備。
布什爾由俄羅斯開發,自2011年開始運營,是中東地區最古老的民用核電站之一。
賈法裡說:“匯率波動和與銀行製裁有關的問題使為滿足反應堆的運行和維護成本以及向俄羅斯承包商付款而付出的努力變得複雜。”
拜登(Biden)政府表示正考慮在本周向伊朗提供一項新的核協議,其中包括取消經濟制裁。

拜登政府正在悄悄增加對巴勒斯坦人的援助
由於華盛頓推翻了特朗普的政策,幾乎所有資金都被切斷了,因此已經分配了1億美元,但很少公開
由馬修•李今天晚上9:46 1





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2021年3月30日,美國總統喬•拜登在白宮橢圓形辦公室裡,華盛頓(Evan Vucci / AP)
華盛頓(美聯社)-在美國前總統唐納德•特朗普切斷幾乎所有援助之後,拜登政府正在悄悄增加對巴勒斯坦人的援助。
自上任時承諾扭轉特朗普的許多以色列-巴勒斯坦決定以來,政府已為巴勒斯坦人撥款近1億美元,其中只有一小部分已公開。
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美國政府上週四宣布,它將向西岸和加沙的脆弱巴勒斯坦社區提供1500萬美元,以幫助對抗COVID-19大流行。一天后,在沒有公開宣布的情況下,它通知國會,它將向巴勒斯坦人提供7500萬美元的經濟支持,以部分地用於在特朗普時代削減之後恢復他們的“信任和善意”。
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國務院拒絕對此通知置評,目前尚不清楚這筆7500萬美元是否包括1500萬美元的大流行性援助。然而,在特朗普時代相互指責之後,該供資計劃代表了美國對巴勒斯坦人態度的重大轉變。
美國政府毫不掩飾地相信,特朗普疏遠巴勒斯坦人的做法存在缺陷,使和平的可能性降低了。新的援助似乎旨在鼓勵巴勒斯坦人重返與以色列的談判,儘管沒有跡象表明它將起到這種作用,而且以色列的反應尚待評估。
美聯社獲得了國務院和美國國際開發署3月26日的國會通知的副本,就在無黨派政府問責辦公室發布報告幾小時後,該報告發現美國國際開發署沒有適當地審查其所有巴勒斯坦供資接受方,法律要求的美國反恐標準。
根據美國法律,只要巴勒斯坦權力機構向因反以色列或美國襲擊罪名成立的肇事者和家屬支付津貼,美國就不得向巴勒斯坦權力機構提供援助或資助將受益的項目。此類付款是特朗普政府中斷援助的原因之一。儘管將不向巴勒斯坦權力機構提供任何援助,但親以色列的立法者-其中許多是共和黨議員-可能會提出反對意見。
巴勒斯坦人將於2021年3月25日在西岸希伯倫市接受COVID-19疫苗。(Wisam Hashlamoun / Flash90)
GAO的調查結果基於對2015年至2019年間向巴勒斯坦提供的援助的審查,當時特朗普切斷了大部分援助。它說,美國國際開發署對直接資助的人員和團體遵守了法律,但它對被稱為次級補助的實體卻沒有這樣做,這些團體向這些團體分配了納稅人的錢。
GAO週一晚些時候發布的報告說:“如果資金能恢復,我們建議採取措施提高合規性。”
根據美國國際開發署(USAID)的國會通知,資金已經或已經恢復,或將很快獲得7500萬美元中的大部分資金,用於緊急的短期項目,旨在迅速重建美-巴關係,在特朗普執政期間這已跌至低谷。通知說,這筆錢可能會在4月10日開始使用。
通知說:“鑑於美國國際開發署近年來缺乏活動,讓民間社會行為者參與對於重新獲得與巴勒斯坦社會的信任和善意至關重要。”該通知解釋說,向巴勒斯坦公民團體(包括可能的獨立媒體)提供540萬美元的理由是:西岸和加沙。
美國國際開發署已確定的其他領域包括衛生保健部門和恢復對特朗普已經切斷的東耶路撒冷醫院網絡的援助,衛生設施,供水和運輸基礎設施,社會服務以及對巴勒斯坦青年的職業培訓,小額貸款和贈款適用於小型企業以及備災。
為了避免支持特朗普削減援助的立法者的預期問題和批評,美國國際開發署試圖向國會保證,它將確保滿足提供這筆錢的所有法律標準。
通知說:“美國國際開發署遵守嚴格的合作夥伴反恐審查,核證,審計和監視程序,以確保其援助不會提供給哈馬斯或其他恐怖組織。”
美國駐聯合國大使琳達•托馬斯•格林菲爾德(Linda Thomas-Greenfield)在2021年3月1日於聯合國總部舉行的新聞發布會上對記者講話(Mary Altaffer / AP)
美國駐聯合國大使琳達•托馬斯•格林菲爾德宣布提供1500萬美元的COVID-19援助時說,這是“我們對巴勒斯坦人民的新承諾的一部分,”但她沒有詳細說明。
在特朗普執政期間,美國向以色列提供了空前的支持,承認耶路撒冷為以色列的首都,將美國大使館從特拉維夫遷出,並斷絕關係並削減了對巴勒斯坦人的財政援助。
美國總統拜登於1月20日就職後不久,他的政府宣布將恢復與巴勒斯坦人的關係,並重新提供援助,將其作為支持兩國解決衝突的關鍵要素。
托馬斯•格林菲爾德重申了拜登對兩國解決方案的支持,並說:“美國期待與以色列,巴勒斯坦人和國際社會繼續開展工作,以實現中東的長期和平。”
Biden administration is quietly ramping up aid to Palestinians
$100 million has already been allocated, with little of it publicized, as Washington reverses the Trump policies that saw nearly all funding cut off
By MATTHEW LEEToday, 9:46 pm 1





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US President Joe Biden in the Oval Office of the White House, in Washington, March 30, 2021. (Evan Vucci/AP)
WASHINGTON (AP) — The Biden administration is quietly ramping up assistance to the Palestinians after former US president Donald Trump cut off nearly all aid.
Since taking office with a pledge to reverse many of Trump’s Israeli-Palestinian decisions, the administration has allocated nearly $100 million for the Palestinians, only a small portion of which has been publicized.
The administration announced last Thursday that it was giving $15 million to vulnerable Palestinian communities in the West Bank and Gaza to help fight the COVID-19 pandemic. A day later, with no public announcement, it notified Congress that it will give the Palestinians $75 million for economic support, to be used in part to regain their “trust and goodwill” after the Trump-era cuts.
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The State Department declined to comment on the notification, and it wasn’t clear if the $75 million includes the $15 million in pandemic aid. Nevertheless, the funding plan represents a major shift in the US approach to the Palestinians after the mutual recriminations during the Trump years.
The administration has made no secret of its belief that Trump’s approach, which alienated the Palestinians, was flawed and made prospects for peace less likely. The new assistance appears aimed at encouraging the Palestinians to return to negotiations with Israel, though there is no indication it will have that effect and Israel’s response has yet to be gauged.
A copy of the March 26 congressional notification from the State Department and US Agency for International Development was obtained by The Associated Press, just hours after the nonpartisan Government Accountability Office issued a report that found USAID had not properly vetted all of its Palestinian funding recipients for US antiterrorism criteria as required by law.
Under US law, the United States may not provide aid to the Palestinian Authority or fund projects it would benefit from as long as the authority pays stipends to the perpetrators and families of those convicted of anti-Israel or US attacks. Such payments were one reason the Trump administration cut off aid. Although none of the assistance is to be provided to the Palestinian Authority, pro-Israel lawmakers, many of them Republicans, are likely to raise objections.
Palestinians receive COVID-19 vaccine in the West Bank city of Hebron, March 25, 2021. (Wisam Hashlamoun/Flash90)
The GAO based its findings on a review of aid provided to the Palestinians between 2015 and 2019, when Trump severed most of the aid. While it said that USAID had followed the law with respect to people and groups it funded directly, it had not done the same with entities, known as sub-grantees, to which those groups then distributed taxpayer dollars.
“If funding resumes, we recommend measures to improve compliance,” said the GAO report, which was released late Monday.
According to USAID’s congressional notification, funding has either resumed already or will shortly as much of the $75 million is intended for urgent short-term projects aimed at quickly rebuilding US-Palestinian relations, which had sunk to lows during the Trump administration. The notice said the money may start to be spent on April 10.
“Given the absence of USAID activity in recent years, engaging civil society actors will be critical to regaining trust and goodwill with Palestinian society,” the notification said, explaining the rationale for providing $5.4 million to Palestinian civic groups, including possibly independent media, in the West Bank and Gaza.
Other areas identified for USAID funding include the health care sector and the resumption of assistance to the East Jerusalem Hospital Network that Trump had cut off, sanitation, water supply and transportation infrastructure, social services and job training for Palestinian youth, micro-loans and grants for small businesses as well as disaster preparedness.
In a bid to forestall expected questions and criticism from lawmakers who supported Trump’s aid cuts, USAID sought to assure Congress that it would ensure all legal criteria for providing the money would be met.
“USAID adheres to rigorous partner antiterrorism vetting and certification, auditing, and monitoring procedures to help ensure that its assistance does not go to Hamas or other terrorist organizations,” the notice said.
US Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield speaks to reporters during a news conference at United Nations headquarters, March 1, 2021. (Mary Altaffer/AP)
In announcing the $15 million in COVID-19 assistance, US Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield said it was “one piece of our renewed commitment to the Palestinian people,” but she did not elaborate.
Under Trump, the US provided unprecedented support to Israel, recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, moving the US Embassy from Tel Aviv and breaking relations and slashing financial assistance for the Palestinians.
Soon after US President Joe Biden was inaugurated on January 20, his administration announced that it would restore relations with the Palestinians and renew aid as key elements of support for a two-state solution to the conflict.
Thomas-Greenfield reiterated Biden’s support for a two-state solution and said “the United States looks forward to continuing its work with Israel, the Palestinians and the international community to achieve a long-sought peace in the Middle East.”

國務院證實美國將以色列對西岸的控制視為“佔領”
在有關人權狀況的報告恢復了特朗普統治下的表述之後,華盛頓澄清了立場,但也使用了前任政府的一些術語
由法新社和TOI工作人員2021年4月1日,上午12:10 0





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2021年1月17日,在約旦河西岸的伊萊猶太人定居點的視圖。(Sraya Diamant / Flash90)
華盛頓—美國總統拜登(Joe Biden)政府星期三表示,以色列對西岸的控制確實是“佔領”,在發布一份似乎低估了該術語的報告後,澄清了其立場,並採用了唐納德•特朗普政府所使用的措辭。
國務院發言人內德•普萊斯(Ned Price)告訴記者,國務院關於人權的年度報告“確實在西岸現狀的背景下使用了“佔領”一詞。
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他說:“這是數十年來雙方先前政府的長期立場。”
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但是在堅定支持以色列的特朗普的支持下,年度人權報告將“以色列和被佔領土”部分重命名為“以色列,西岸和加沙地帶”。
美國副總統卡馬拉•哈里斯(Kamala Harris)在2021年3月30日在華盛頓白宮橢圓形辦公室簽署2021年PPP擴展法案後,聽取了拜登總統的講話(AP Photo / Evan Vucci)
拜登在星期二發布的第一份報告保持了相同的表述,但表示該語言無意傳達任何立場。
國務院人權事務高級官員麗莎•彼得森(Lisa Peterson)表示,該報告通常使用地名,並且“以色列,西岸和加沙地帶”對讀者來說更容易理解。
特朗普的國務卿邁克•龐培(Mike Pompeo)打破了先例,訪問了約旦河西岸的一個猶太人定居點,並表示他不同意廣泛的國際共識,即這種建設是非法的,特朗普表示以色列應有權吞併約旦河西岸的大片土地。特朗普還承認耶路撒冷是以色列的首都以及以色列對戈蘭高地的吞併。
以色列於2005年從加沙地帶撤出,但仍對哈馬斯統治的領空和邊界保持控制,稱以色列必須這樣做,以防止因以色列的破壞而發威的恐怖組織武裝自己並進行攻擊。
美國國務卿安東尼•布林肯表示,美國不會推翻特朗普對耶路撒冷的決定,但也將為建立一個獨立的巴勒斯坦國做更多的工作。
State Dept. confirms US views Israel’s control over West Bank as ‘occupation’
Washington clarifies position after report on human rights situation restores the expression, excised under Trump, but also uses some of previous administration’s terminology
By AFP and TOI STAFF1 April 2021, 12:10 am 0





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View of the Jewish settlement of Eli, in the West Bank, on January 17, 2021. (Sraya Diamant/Flash90)
WASHINGTON — US President Joe Biden’s administration said Wednesday that Israel’s control of the West Bank is indeed “occupation,” clarifying its stance after the release of a report that seemed to downplay the term, adopting language used by Donald Trump’s government.
The State Department’s annual report on human rights “does use the term ‘occupation’ in the context of the current status of the West Bank,” State Department spokesman Ned Price told reporters.
“This has been the longstanding position of previous administrations of both parties over the course of many decades,” he said.
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But under the staunchly pro-Israel Trump, the annual human rights report renamed the section on “Israel and the Occupied Territories” as “Israel, West Bank and Gaza.”
US Vice President Kamala Harris listens as President Joe Biden speaks after signing the PPP Extension Act of 2021, in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, March 30, 2021. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
The first of the reports issued under Biden, which was released Tuesday, kept the same formulation but stated that the language was not meant to convey any position.
The top State Department official on human rights, Lisa Peterson, said that the report generally uses geographical names and that “Israel, West Bank and Gaza” was easier and clearer for readers.
Trump’s secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, broke past precedent by visiting a Jewish settlement in the West Bank and said he disagreed with the broad international consensus that such construction is illegal, with Trump signaling that Israel should be free to annex swathes of the West Bank. Trump also recognized Jerusalem as Israel’s capital as well as Israel’s annexation of the Golan Heights.
Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005 but maintains control over the Hamas-ruled territory’s airspace and borders, saying it must do so to prevent the terror group, which is avowed to Israel’s destruction, from arming itself and perpetrating attacks.
US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has indicated the United States will not reverse Trump’s decisions on Jerusalem but will also do more to work toward an independent Palestinian state.

內塔尼亞胡(Netanyahu)到薩爾(Sa'ar)貝內特(Bennett):利庫德(Likud)領導的右翼聯盟的“歸宿”
自大選以來首次公開露面,總理呼籲右翼競爭對手支持他,但新希望社長立即拒絕了他。電視:Likud提議將Yamina折疊成派對
由斯圖爾特溫納和TOI人員今天晚上9:07 1





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2021年3月31日的新聞發布會上,總理本傑明•內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)的視頻截屏(第13頻道新聞)
總理內塔尼亞胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)週三公開呼籲他的兩個右翼競爭對手,亞米納黨領袖納夫塔利•本內特(Naftali Bennett)和新希望黨主席吉迪恩•薩爾(Gideon Sa'ar)將他們的政黨納入由他的利庫德黨領導的聯盟。
內塔尼亞胡(Netanyahu)在上週的不確定性選舉以來首次公開露面,他敦促其他兩位黨魁“將我們的差異拋在身後”,並“歸鄉”到他在以色列議會領導的右翼民族主義集團手中。
薩爾立即拒絕了這一提議,堅稱他不會參加由內塔尼亞胡領導的聯盟。
通過電子郵件獲取《以色列時報》每日版,千萬不要錯過我們的熱門新聞免費註冊
貝內特的政黨表示,他將做對以色列公民最有利的事情,並在周三晚上收看了電視報導,說利庫德提出要把亞米納折疊成內塔尼亞胡的政黨。
內塔尼亞胡在黃金時段的新聞發布會上說:“人民發表了講話。”他指的是上週的大選。“人們要求我們需要坐在一起。”
從左至右:Yesh Atid的黨魁Yair Lapid(Miriam Alster / Flash90);Yamina黨總書記納夫塔利•貝內特(Naftali Bennett);和新希望黨領袖吉迪恩•薩爾(Yonatan Sindel / Flash90)
內塔尼亞胡指出,如果雙方加入利庫德及其右翼宗教盟友,他們將組成一個擁有65個席位的多數聯盟,從而結束多年的政治動盪。總理繼續說,這樣的政府可以立即成立,並預測成立的任何取代總理的聯盟將是左翼勢力並迅速垮台。
選舉前,薩爾和貝內特都發誓要取代內塔尼亞胡擔任總理。然而,沒有定論的結果意味著內塔尼亞胡和尋求罷免他的政黨集團在以色列議會中都沒有多數席位。
前利庫德部長薩爾離開黨成立了新希望,迅速作出回應,明確拒絕了內塔尼亞胡的提議。
他在推特上說:“就在他和他的人民再次散佈關於我和總統的妄想和虛假陰謀論的同一天,內塔尼亞胡請我加入他。” “我將履行對選民的承諾。我不會加入,也不會支持內塔尼亞胡領導的政府。內塔尼亞胡任期的延續,使他的個人利益高於國家利益,這對以色列構成了傷害。”
2021年3月23日,新希望領導人吉迪恩•薩爾(Gideon Sa'ar)在特拉維夫的黨總部(Tomer Neuberg / Flash90)
Yamina黨在一份聲明中說:“ Bennett將繼續竭盡全力建立一個良好和穩定的政府,將以色列從混亂中解救出來。”
當天早些時候,利庫德族議會議員襲擊了魯汶•里夫林總統,指責他與總理的競爭對手,特別是薩爾人格格不入,此前總統敦促各黨派領導人參與“非常規聯盟,合作”。跨部門”以打破長期的政治僵局。
上週舉行全國大選後,總統定於週一開始與各政黨進行磋商,這是兩年來的第四次。預計週三,他將任命候選人組成政府。
根據周三晚間第12頻道的報導,利庫德已向Yamina提出了慷慨的報價,以說服Bennett的政黨建議利用內塔尼亞胡組建下一屆政府。
該提議包括所有七個Yamina議員在Likud名單上的七個位置-這意味著Bennett的政黨將有效地解散到Likud。該網絡說,這是貝內特和他的第二名艾耶萊特•沙克(Ayelet Shaked)長期以來一直在尋求的東西,但是據報導,內塔尼亞胡的妻子薩拉(Sara)由於對兩個立法者的個人厭惡而被封鎖了多年。
根據第12頻道的報導,將在接下來的兩個選舉週期中承諾保留席位,隨後將向Yamina議員們承諾在隨後成立的政府中擔任高級職位。
亞米納在回應該報告時說,貝內特“對以色列的公民感到關切,而不是在政治名單上的位置。”
據報導,薩爾正在努力促成一個替代聯盟,該聯盟將看到貝內特與MK耶爾•拉皮德(MK Yair Lapid)輪換擔任總理,後者擁有17個席位的耶什•阿蒂德(Yesh Atid)政黨僅次於內塔尼亞胡的利庫德集團(Likud),後者擁有30個席位。首相。
薩爾和貝內特都表示不願意支持拉皮德擔任總理。
本內特(Bennett)的Yamina政黨贏得了七個席位,他尚未透露他將如何根據選舉結果採取行動。新希望在擁有120個座位的以色列議會贏得了6個席位。
根據星期三第12頻道的報導,拉皮德已向亞米納黨傳達了一條信息,即他準備接受貝內特將擔任總理的情況,只要他同意首先保證不會加入內塔尼亞胡即可。政府。該報告沒有具體說明拉皮德是否願意輪流擔任與貝內特的總理大選,或者貝內特是否將是唯一的總理。十二頻道表示,雙方都不願成為第一個達成交易的人。

Netanyahu to Bennett, Sa’ar: ‘Come home’ to right-wing coalition led by Likud
In first public appearance since election, PM appeals for rightist rivals to back him, is immediately turned down by New Hope chief; TV: Likud offered to fold Yamina into party
By STUART WINER and TOI STAFFToday, 9:07 pm 1





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Screen capture from video of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a press conference, March 31, 2021. (Channel 13 News)
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Wednesday publicly called on his two right-wing rivals, Yamina party leader Naftali Bennett and New Hope party chief Gideon Sa’ar, to bring their parties into a coalition led by his Likud party.
In the first public appearance since last week’s inconclusive election, Netanyahu urged the two other party leaders to “put our difference behind us” and “come home” to the right-wing nationalist bloc that he leads in the Knesset.

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Sa’ar immediately rejected the offer, maintaining he would not enter a coalition led by Netanyahu.
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Bennett’s party said he would do what is best for Israel’s citizens and brushed off a television report on Wednesday night that said Likud offered to fold Yamina into Netanyahu’s party.
“The people have spoken,” Netanyahu said in a primetime press conference, referring to last week’s election. “The people demand we need to sit together.”
Left to right: Yesh Atid party leader Yair Lapid (Miriam Alster/Flash90); Yamina party chief Naftali Bennett; and New Hope party head Gideon Sa’ar (Yonatan Sindel/Flash90)
If both parties join Likud and its right-wing religious allies they could form a majority coalition of 65 seats, putting an end to years of political turmoil, Netanyahu noted. Such a government could be established immediately, the prime minister continued, predicting that any coalition formed to replace him as prime minister will be left-wing and quickly fall.
Before the election, both Sa’ar and Bennett had vowed to replace Netanyahu as premier. However, the inconclusive results mean that neither Netanyahu nor the bloc of parties seeking to oust him have a majority in the Knesset.
Sa’ar, a former Likud minister who left the party to set up New Hope, swiftly responded with a clear rejection of Netanyahu’s proposal.
“On the very same day that he and his people again spread delusional and false conspiracy theories about me and the president, Netanyahu approaches me that I join him,” he tweeted. “I will carry out my commitment to my voters. I will not join and I will not support a government led by Netanyahu. The continuation of Netanyahu’s term, which prioritizes his personal benefit over the benefit of the country, harms Israel.”
New Hope leader Gideon Sa’ar at party headquarters in Tel Aviv on March 23, 2021. (Tomer Neuberg/Flash90)
The Yamina party said in a statement that “Bennett will continue to make every effort to establish a good and stable government that will extract Israel from the chaos.”
Earlier in the day, Likud lawmakers attacked President Reuven Rivlin accusing him of being in cahoots with the prime minister’s rivals, specifically Sa’ar, after the president urged the various party leaders to engage in “out-of-the-ordinary coalitions, collaborations that cross sectors” in order to break the extended political deadlock.
The president is set to begin consultations with the political parties on Monday, following last week’s national election, the fourth in two years. On Wednesday, he is expected to task a candidate with forming a government.
According to a Channel 12 report on Wednesday night, Likud has extended a lavish offer to Yamina in an effort to persuade Bennett’s party to recommend Netanyahu be tapped with forming the next government.
The offer includes seven spots on Likud’s list for all seven Yamina lawmakers — meaning Bennett’s party would effectively be dissolved into Likud. This is something that Bennett and his No. 2 Ayelet Shaked have long sought, but that Netanyahu’s wife Sara has reportedly blocked for years due to her personal loathing of the two lawmakers, the network said.
The reserved spots would be promised in the next two election cycles, following which Yamina lawmakers would be promised senior positions in the governments that are subsequently formed, according to Channel 12.
In response to the report, Yamina said Bennett was “concerned about Israel’s citizens, not placements on political lists.”
Sa’ar was reportedly working to broker an alternate coalition that would see Bennett rotate the premiership with MK Yair Lapid whose Yesh Atid party, with 17 seats, is the second-largest behind Netanyahu’s Likud that has 30. Such an agreement envisions Bennett serving as prime minister first.
Both Sa’ar and Bennett have expressed reluctance at backing Lapid as prime minister.
Bennett, whose Yamina party won seven seats, has not yet said how he will act in light of the election results. New Hope won six seats in the 120-seat Knesset.
According to a Channel 12 report on Wednesday, Lapid has passed along a message to the Yamina party that he is prepared to accept a scenario in which Bennett will be prime minister, so long as he agrees to first pledge that he will not join a Netanyahu government. That report did not specify whether Lapid is willing to split the premiership with Bennett in a rotational capacity or whether Bennett would be the sole prime minister. Both sides are hesitant to be the first to move on the deal, Channel 12 said.