每日英語跟讀 Ep.K255: 這些網站要付費 讀者照樣埋單

2021-11-26·3 分鐘

本集介紹

每日英語跟讀 Ep.K255: Turning Pay Walls Into Welcome Mats

 

You had to pay to get in.

你得買票才能進場。

Roughly 250 people paid $15 or $20 apiece to attend a party hosted by the staff of Defector, a subscription website started a year ago by journalists who had quit (or were fired from) the sports news site Deadspin after refusing to heed a request from their bosses that they “stick to sports.”

大約有250人,每人繳交15或20美元,參加由訂閱網站「叛逃者」員工主辦的派對。「叛逃者」創立於一年前,創辦人是運動新聞網站「死亡旋轉」記者,他們因為拒絕遵守老闆指示「堅守體育運動,不對政治或文化發表意見」,而辭職或被解雇。

The party guests were accustomed to paying. They were Defector subscribers, for the most part, meaning they had paid $79 for a year’s subscription, allowing them to get past a strict paywall to read articles like “What 1993 Video Game Tony La Russa Taught Me About Baseball” and “Please, I Am Begging You, Stop Putting the Giants in Primetime.”

這場派對的賓客已習慣付費。他們是「叛逃者」的訂戶,在大多數情況下,這意味著他們繳交79美元訂閱一年,得以穿越嚴密的付費牆讀到文章,如「1993年電玩遊戲拉魯沙教我棒球的事」和「拜託,求你別在黃金時段播放職棒舊金山巨人隊的比賽」。

In charging for access to its website, Defector differs from its predecessor, Deadspin, which belongs to a digital-media generation that gives readers free access and tries to make money by selling ads.

「叛逃者」要讀者付費觀看,與前身「死亡旋轉」不同。「死亡旋轉」屬於讓讀者免費觀看並企圖透過賣廣告賺錢的數位媒體世代。

It remains a challenge for online publications to persuade readers to pay, and it’s perhaps more difficult to get them to pay again after the initial subscription. Defector is optimistic that it will hang on to its fan base as it heads into its second year.

線上出版品要說服讀者付費仍是挑戰,要讀者捧場一次之後再度掏錢也許更困難。邁入創站第二年的「叛逃者」對於守住粉絲群表示樂觀。

Print newspapers charged readers for a century, and readers never questioned the idea that they would have to pay for journalism. The first generations of online-only news sites, eager to build their audiences by pulling readers away from old habits, offered up their work free of charge.

印刷報紙向讀者收費100年了,讀者不曾質疑要看新聞必須要付費的觀念。第一代純線上新聞網站渴望把讀者拉離舊習慣來培養自己的閱聽群,所以才免費提供作品。

Defector and digital newsletter platform Substack are part of a wider shift, one made possible by readers who have come to see paying for journalism as the right thing to do, rather than an annoyance.

「叛逃者」和數位電子報平台Substack則是更大轉變的一部分。讀者把為看新聞付費視為理所當然,而非令人不悅,讓轉變能成為可能。

The Daily Memphian, a nonprofit news site in Memphis, Tennessee, is also part of the wave, with readers contributing the bulk of its revenue. It started in 2018 in response to the shrinking of the local newspaper, The Commercial Appeal. Nearly 17,000 subscribers pay $99 per year (or $12.99 per month) for The Memphian, and they have renewed their subscriptions at a rate of 90%, said Eric Barnes, the publication’s CEO. Ad sales, sponsorships and donations cover the rest of a $5 million annual budget that supports a newsroom of 38.

美國田納西州最大城曼非斯的非營利新聞網站「每日曼非斯報」,也是這波改變浪潮的一波,其營收多數來自讀者訂閱。這個網站是因應當地「商業呼聲報」縮編,在2018年創立。網站執行長巴恩斯說,近1萬7000名訂戶每年付99美元(或每月12.99美元),續訂率高達九成。網站每年需要500萬美元預算來支撐共38人的新聞部,除了訂閱收入以外,其餘由廣告收入、贊助和捐款支應。

“People paid for news for decades,” Barnes said. “Why can’t they pay for it now?”

巴恩斯說:「人們已經花錢看新聞看了幾十年了,為何現在不能?」Source article: https://udn.com/news/story/6904/5837132